The Schengen Agreement is a treaty that established the Schengen Area in Europe, which has effectively abolished internal border checks. It was signed on June 14, 1985, by five of the then-ten member states of the European Economic Community and enacted a decade later, with all nations in the European Union (EU) except the United Kingdom and Ireland joining over the next several years.
Border checks at the area’s shared borders were withdrawn as part of the deal, allowing individuals to travel freely within it. It allows residents of border areas to cross borders away from permanent checkpoints and has standardized visa procedures, allowing for the issuance of a Schengen Visa for stays of less than 90 days.
The Schengen Area is a zone in which 26 European countries have eliminated their internal borders to allow for unfettered movement of people while following too common standards for policing external borders and combating crime by enhancing the shared judicial system and police cooperation.
The Schengen Area countries are listed below:
A Schengen Visa is a short-term European visa. This type of Visa enables the holder to travel freely throughout the Schengen Area. The visa, itself is issued by one of the Schengen nations. That is to say, you can visit any of the Schengen countries for up to 90 days during a 180-day period.
The Schengen Visa is the most common visa in Europe. In order words, it entitles the holder to enter, travel freely within, and exit the Schengen area from any Schengen member country. There are no border controls within the Schengen Zone.