You can’t, in theory. The expiration date of your passport must be three months after your return from a Schengen country. The Consulate may however stray from this regulation in exceptional circumstances, such as extreme medical reasons, or potentially immediate family funerals.
Many European countries (known as “Schengen states”) need your passport to be valid for at least three months beyond your intended departure date from the Schengen area.
Your passport is valid until it reaches the end of its validity period. The sole stumbling block may be the country or countries you intend to visits entry procedures. Many nations need your passport to be valid for at least 3 to 6 months before allowing you to enter or issuing a travel visa.
If your passport expires after you apply for the visa, you must furnish immigration with your new passport information before the visa may be issued.
Third-country nationals visiting a European Union country must have a passport valid for at least three months from the date of their departure. For visa-free travel, emergency passports are not valid. The validity duration of an emergency passport varies based on the government that issued it. Many temporary passports have a three-month validity period and hence cannot be used to apply for a Schengen visa.
Not for tourism or other purposes, emergency passports are designed for one-way travel back to a home country. Using an emergency passport to allow foreigners to return home, only direct transit through a Schengen country is available.
Before making travel plans, traveller’s should check with their countries embassy for advice depending on their individual circumstances.